Meitnerium

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Meitnerium Quick Reference

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Notes

Symbol

Mt

Atomic Number

109

Oxidation States

6

predicted

5

predicted

4

predicted

3

predicted

2

predicted

1

predicted

Electron Configuration

Orbital Occupancy

[Rn] 5f14 6d7 7s2

[Rn] represents the closed-shell electron configuration of radon

Orbital Filling Order

[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d7

[Rn] represents the closed-shell electron configuration of radon

Term Symbol

4F9/2

see expanded configuration ...

Ionization Energies

I (1)

8.7 eV

Pyykkö Covalent Radius

single bond

129 pm

double bond

125 pm

triple bond

113 pm

Quantity

Meitnerium Atomic Structure

Notes

Ionization Energies

I (1)

8.7 eV

Electron Configuration

Orbital Occupancy

[Rn] 5f14 6d7 7s2

[Rn] represents the closed-shell electron configuration of radon

Orbital Filling Order

[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d7

[Rn] represents the closed-shell electron configuration of radon

Term Symbol

4F9/2

see expanded configuration ...

Fluorescence Yields

ωK

0.973

ωL1

0.343

ωL2

0.590

ωL3

0.640

Coster-Kronig Yields

F13

0.49 

F23

0.163

Quantity

Meitnerium Atomic Interaction

Notes

Oxidation States

6

predicted

5

predicted

4

predicted

3

predicted

2

predicted

1

predicted

Quantity

Meitnerium Identification

Notes

CAS Number

54038-01-6

Quantity

Meitnerium Atomic Size

Notes

Pyykkö Covalent Radius

single bond

129 pm

double bond

125 pm

triple bond

113 pm

Quantity

Meitnerium History

Notes

Discovery

date of discovery

1982

discoverer

G. Münzenberg

discoverer

P. Armbruster

discoverer

F. P. Heßberger

discoverer

S. Hofmann

discoverer

K. Poppensieker

discoverer

W. Reisdorf

discoverer

J. H. R. Schneider

discoverer

W. F. W. Schneider

discoverer

K.-H. Schmidt

discoverer

C.-C. Sahm

discoverer

D. Vermeulen

location of discovery

Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung mbH (GSI), Darmstadt, Germany

Origin of Element Name

origin

Lise Meitner

origin description

person—Austrian-born Swedish physicist who was first to suggest that radioactive atoms could undergo nuclear fission

Origin of Element Symbol

symbol: Mt

origin

meitnerium

origin description

element name

Formerly Used or Proposed Element Names and Symbols

name

unnilennium

matching symbol

Une

name

eka-iridium

no matching symbol specified

Quantity

Meitnerium Nomenclature

Notes

Element Names in Other Languages

French

meitnerium

German

Meitnerium

Italian

meitnerio

Spanish

meitnerio

Portuguese

meitnério

Anions or Anionic Substituent Groups

meitneride

Cations or Cationic Substituent Groups

meitnerium

Ligands

meitnerido

Heteroatomic Anion

meitnerate

'a' Term—Substitutive Nomenclature

meitnera

'y' Term—Chains and Rings Nomenclature

meitnery

References    (Click the button next to a value above to see complete citation information for that entry)

Connelly, Neil G., Ture Damhus, Richard M. Hartshorn, and Alan T. Hutton. Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry: IUPAC Recommendations 2005. Cambridge: RSC Publishing, 2005.

Emsley, John. Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Emsley, John. The Elements, 3rd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Firestone, Richard B. Table of Isotopes, 8th edition, volume 2. Edited by Virginia S. Shirley, with assistant editors Coral M. Baglin, S. Y. Frank Chu, and Jean Zipkin. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1996.

Hoffman, Darleane C., Albert Ghiorso, and Glenn T. Seaborg. The Transuranium People: The Inside Story. London, England: Imperial College Press, 2000.

Hofmann, S., V. Ninov, F. P. Heßberger, P. Armbruster, H. Folger, G. Münzenberg, H. J. Schött, A. G. Popeko, A. V. Yeremin, A. N. Andreyev, S. Saro, R. Janik, and M. Leino. "Production and Decay of 269110." Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei, volume 350, number 4, 1995, pp. 277–280. doi:10.1007/BF01291181

Hofmann, S., V. Ninov, F. P. Heßberger, P. Armbruster, H. Folger, G. Münzenberg, H. J. Schött, A. G. Popeko, A. V. Yeremin, A. N. Andreyev, S. Saro, R. Janik, and M. Leino. "The New Element 111." Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei, volume 350, number 4, 1995, pp. 281–282. doi:10.1007/BF01291182

Hofmann, S., V. Ninov, F. P. Heßberger, P. Armbruster, H. Folger, G. Münzenberg, H. J. Schött, A. G. Popeko, A. V. Yeremin, S. Saro, R. Janik, and M. Leino. "The New Element 112." Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei, volume 354, number 3, 1996, pp. 229–230. doi:10.1007/s002180050036

Keller, Jr., O. Lewin, and Glenn T. Seaborg. "Chemistry of the Transactinide Elements." pp. 139–166 in Annual Review Of Nuclear Science. Edited by Emilio Segre. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc., 1977.

Krause, M. O. "Atomic Radiative and Radiationless Yields for K and L Shells." Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, volume 8, number 2, 1979, pp. 307–327.

Miessler, Gary L., and Donald A. Tarr. Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004.

Münzenberg, G., P. Armbruster, F. P. Heßberger, S. Hofmann, K. Poppensieker, W. Reisdorf, J. H. R. Schneider, W. F. W. Schneider, K.-H. Schmidt, C.-C. Sahm, and D. Vermeulen. "Observation of One Correlated α-Decay in the Reaction 58Fe on 209Bi → 267109." Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei, volume 309, number 1, 1982, pp. 89–90. doi:10.1007/BF01420157

Münzenberg, G., P. Armbruster, H. Folger, F. P. Heßberger, S. Hofmann, J. Keller, K. Poppensieker, W. Reisdorf, K.-H. Schmidt, H.-J. Schött, M. E. Leino, and R. Hingmann. "The Identification of Element 108." Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei, volume 317, number 2, 1984, pp. 235–236. doi:10.1007/BF01421260

Münzenberg, G., S. Hofmann, F. P. Heßberger, W. Reisdorf, K. H. Schmidt, J. H. R. Schneider, P. Armbruster, C. C. Sahm, and B. Thuma. "Identification of Element 107 by α Correlation Chains." Zeitschrift für Physik A Hadrons and Nuclei, volume 300, number 1, 1981, pp. 107–108. doi:10.1007/BF01412623

Pekka Pyykkö. Self-Consistent, Year-2009 Covalent Radii. http://www.chem.helsinki.fi/~pyykko/Radii09.pdf. Accessed on November 20, 2010.

Pyykkö, Pekka, and Michiko Atsumi. "Molecular Double-Bond Covalent Radii for Elements Li-E112." Chemistry - A European Journal, volume 15, number 46, 2009, pp. 12770–12779. doi:10.1002/chem.200901472

Pyykkö, Pekka, and Michiko Atsumi. "Molecular Single-Bond Covalent Radii for Elements 1-118." Chemistry - A European Journal, volume 15, number 1, 2009, pp. 186–197. doi:10.1002/chem.200800987

Pyykkö, Pekka, Sebastian Riedel, and Michael Patzschke. "Triple-Bond Covalent Radii." Chemistry - A European Journal, volume 11, number 12, 2005, pp. 3511–3520. doi:10.1002/chem.200401299

Seaborg, Glenn T., and Walter D. Loveland. The Elements Beyond Uranium. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1990.

Soukhanov, Anne H., editor. The American Heritage Dictionary Of The English Language, 3rd edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1992.

Yaws, Carl L. The Yaws Handbook of Physical Properties for Hydrocarbons and Chemicals. Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing Company, 2005.