Seaborgium

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Seaborgium Quick Reference

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Notes

Symbol

Sg

Atomic Number

106

Oxidation States

6

predicted

5

predicted

4

predicted

Electron Configuration

Orbital Occupancy

[Rn] 5f14 6d4 7s2

[Rn] represents the closed-shell electron configuration of radon

Orbital Filling Order

[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d4

[Rn] represents the closed-shell electron configuration of radon

Term Symbol

5D0

see expanded configuration ...

Ionization Energies

I (1)

7.6 eV

Pyykkö Covalent Radius

single bond

143 pm

double bond

128 pm

triple bond

121 pm

Quantity

Seaborgium Atomic Structure

Notes

Ionization Energies

I (1)

7.6 eV

Electron Configuration

Orbital Occupancy

[Rn] 5f14 6d4 7s2

[Rn] represents the closed-shell electron configuration of radon

Orbital Filling Order

[Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d4

[Rn] represents the closed-shell electron configuration of radon

Term Symbol

5D0

see expanded configuration ...

Fluorescence Yields

ωK

0.973

ωL1

0.310

ωL2

0.562

ωL3

0.624

Coster-Kronig Yields

F13

0.51 

F23

0.174

Quantity

Seaborgium Atomic Interaction

Notes

Oxidation States

6

predicted

5

predicted

4

predicted

Quantity

Seaborgium Identification

Notes

CAS Number

54038-81-2

Quantity

Seaborgium Atomic Size

Notes

Pyykkö Covalent Radius

single bond

143 pm

double bond

128 pm

triple bond

121 pm

Quantity

Seaborgium History

Notes

Discovery

date of discovery

1974

discoverer

Albert Ghiorso

birth

July 15, 1915

discoverer

Joachim Michael Nitschke

discoverer

Jose R. Alonso

discoverer

Carol T. Alonso

discoverer

Matti Nurmia

discoverer

Glenn Theodore Seaborg

birth

April 19, 1912

death

February 25, 1999

discoverer

E. Kenneth Hulet

discoverer

Ronald W. Lougheed

location of discovery

Berkeley, California

Origin of Element Name

origin

Glen T. Seaborg

origin description

person—American chemist who shared the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Edwin Mattison McMillan

Origin of Element Symbol

symbol: Sg

origin

seaborgium

origin description

element name

Formerly Used or Proposed Element Names and Symbols

name

alvarezium

no matching symbol specified

name

rutherfordium

matching symbol

Rf

name

unnilhexium

matching symbol

Unh

name

eka-tungsten

no matching symbol specified

Quantity

Seaborgium Nomenclature

Notes

Element Names in Other Languages

French

seaborgium

German

Seaborgium

Italian

seaborgio

Spanish

seaborgio

Portuguese

seabórgio

Anions or Anionic Substituent Groups

seaborgide

Cations or Cationic Substituent Groups

seaborgium

Ligands

seaborgido

Heteroatomic Anion

seaborgate

'a' Term—Substitutive Nomenclature

seaborga

'y' Term—Chains and Rings Nomenclature

seaborgy

References    (Click the button next to a value above to see complete citation information for that entry)

Connelly, Neil G., Ture Damhus, Richard M. Hartshorn, and Alan T. Hutton. Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry: IUPAC Recommendations 2005. Cambridge: RSC Publishing, 2005.

Emsley, John. Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Emsley, John. The Elements, 3rd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Firestone, Richard B. Table of Isotopes, 8th edition, volume 2. Edited by Virginia S. Shirley, with assistant editors Coral M. Baglin, S. Y. Frank Chu, and Jean Zipkin. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1996.

Ghiorso, A., B. G. Harvey, G. R. Choppin, S. G. Thompson, and G. T. Seaborg. "New Element Mendelevium, Atomic Number 101." Physical Review, volume 98, number 5, 1955, pp. 1518–1519. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.98.1518

Ghiorso, A., J. M. Nitschke, J. R. Alonso, C. T. Alonso, M. Nurmia, G. T. Seaborg, E. K. Hulet, and R. W. Lougheed. "Element 106." Physical Review Letters, volume 33, number 25, 1974, pp. 1490–1493. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.33.1490

Ghiorso, A., M. Nurmia, J. Harris, K. Eskola, and P. Eskola. "Positive Identification of Two Alpha-Particle-Emitting Isotopes of Element 104." Physical Review Letters, volume 22, number 24, 1969, pp. 1317–1320. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.22.1317

Ghiorso, A., S. G. Thompson, G. H. Higgins, G. T. Seaborg, M. H. Studier, P. R. Fields, S. M. Fried, H. Diamond, J. F. Mech, G. L. Pyle, J. R. Huizenga, A. Hirsch, W. M. Manning, C. I. Browne, H. L. Smith, and R. W. Spence. "New Elements Einsteinium and Fermium, Atomic Numbers 99 and 100." Physical Review, volume 99, number 3, 1955, pp. 1048–1049. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.99.1048

Ghiorso, A., T. Sikkeland, J. R. Walton, and G. T. Seaborg. "Element No. 102." Physical Review Letters, volume 1, number 1, 1958, pp. 18–21. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.1.18

Ghiorso, Albert, Matti Nurmia, Kari Eskola, James Harris, and Pirkko Eskola. "New Element Hahnium, Atomic Number 105." Physical Review Letters, volume 24, number 26, 1970, pp. 1498–1503. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.24.1498

Ghiorso, Albert, Matti Nurmia, Kari Eskola, James Harris, and Pirkko Eskola. "New Element Hahnium, Atomic Number 105." Physical Review Letters, volume 24, number 26, 1970, pp. 1498–1503. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.24.1498

Ghiorso, Albert, Torbjørn Sikkeland, Almon E. Larsh, and Robert M. Latimer. "New Element, Lawrencium, Atomic Number 103." Physical Review Letters, volume 6, number 9, 1961, pp. 473–475. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.6.473

Hoffman, Darleane C., Albert Ghiorso, and Glenn T. Seaborg. The Transuranium People: The Inside Story. London, England: Imperial College Press, 2000.

Ihde, Aaron J. The Development of Modern Chemistry. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1984.

Indelicato, P., J. P. Santos, S. Boucard, and J.-P. Desclaux. "QED and Relativistic Corrections in Superheavy Elements." The European Physical Journal D - Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics, volume 45, number 1, 2007, pp. 155–170. doi:10.1140/epjd/e2007-00229-y

Keller, Jr., O. Lewin, and Glenn T. Seaborg. "Chemistry of the Transactinide Elements." pp. 139–166 in Annual Review Of Nuclear Science. Edited by Emilio Segre. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc., 1977.

Krause, M. O. "Atomic Radiative and Radiationless Yields for K and L Shells." Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, volume 8, number 2, 1979, pp. 307–327.

Marshall, James L. Discovery of the Elements: A Search for the Fundamental Principles of the Universe, 2nd edition. Boston, MA: Pearson Custom Publishing, 2002.

Miessler, Gary L., and Donald A. Tarr. Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004.

Nobel Foundation. Glenn T. Seaborg: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1951. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1951/seaborg-bio.html. Accessed on July 1, 2009.

Pekka Pyykkö. Self-Consistent, Year-2009 Covalent Radii. http://www.chem.helsinki.fi/~pyykko/Radii09.pdf. Accessed on November 20, 2010.

Pyykkö, Pekka, and Michiko Atsumi. "Molecular Double-Bond Covalent Radii for Elements Li-E112." Chemistry - A European Journal, volume 15, number 46, 2009, pp. 12770–12779. doi:10.1002/chem.200901472

Pyykkö, Pekka, and Michiko Atsumi. "Molecular Single-Bond Covalent Radii for Elements 1-118." Chemistry - A European Journal, volume 15, number 1, 2009, pp. 186–197. doi:10.1002/chem.200800987

Pyykkö, Pekka, Sebastian Riedel, and Michael Patzschke. "Triple-Bond Covalent Radii." Chemistry - A European Journal, volume 11, number 12, 2005, pp. 3511–3520. doi:10.1002/chem.200401299

Seaborg, Glenn T., and Walter D. Loveland. The Elements Beyond Uranium. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1990.

Soukhanov, Anne H., editor. The American Heritage Dictionary Of The English Language, 3rd edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1992.

Thompson, S. G., A. Ghiorso, and G. T. Seaborg. "The New Element Berkelium (Atomic Number 97)." Physical Review, volume 80, number 5, 1950, pp. 781–789. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.80.781

Thompson, S. G., K. Street, Jr., A. Ghiorso, and G. T. Seaborg. "The New Element Californium (Atomic Number 98)." Physical Review, volume 80, number 5, 1950, pp. 790–796. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.80.790

Weeks, Mary Elvira, and Henry M. Leicester. Discovery of the Elements, 7th edition. Easton, PA: Journal of Chemical Education, 1968.

Yaws, Carl L. The Yaws Handbook of Physical Properties for Hydrocarbons and Chemicals. Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing Company, 2005.