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Thermal Conductivity Navigation

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Element

Thermal Conductivity

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Notes

Einsteinium

solid, 300 K

10 W/(m K)

estimated

Erbium

solid

300 K

polycrystalline

14.3 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

18.4 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

12.6 W/(m K) 

298.2 K

polycrystalline

14.3 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

18.4 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

12.6 W/(m K) 

273.2 K

polycrystalline

14.5 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

18.7 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

12.7 W/(m K) 

250 K

polycrystalline

14.6 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

18.8 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

12.8 W/(m K) 

200 K

polycrystalline

14.4 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

18.5 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

12.6 W/(m K) 

150 K

polycrystalline

13.5 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

17.4 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

11.9 W/(m K) 

100 K

polycrystalline

12.0 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

15.0 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

10.8 W/(m K) 

80 K

polycrystalline

10.8 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

12.1 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

10.2 W/(m K) 

60 K

polycrystalline

 9.80 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 9.92 W/(m K)

perpendicular to c-axis

 9.74 W/(m K)

40 K

polycrystalline

 9.26 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 8.58 W/(m K)

perpendicular to c-axis

 9.63 W/(m K)

20 K

polycrystalline

 7.82 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 6.39 W/(m K)

perpendicular to c-axis

 8.63 W/(m K)

18 K

polycrystalline

 8.67 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 8.40 W/(m K)

perpendicular to c-axis

 8.80 W/(m K)

16 K

polycrystalline

 8.33 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 8.09 W/(m K)

perpendicular to c-axis

 8.45 W/(m K)

14 K

polycrystalline

 8.02 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 7.87 W/(m K)

perpendicular to c-axis

 8.10 W/(m K)

12 K

polycrystalline

 7.62 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 7.60 W/(m K)

perpendicular to c-axis

 7.61 W/(m K)

10 K

polycrystalline

 7.06 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 7.22 W/(m K)

perpendicular to c-axis

 6.98 W/(m K)

8 K

polycrystalline

 6.28 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 6.60 W/(m K)

perpendicular to c-axis

 6.12 W/(m K)

Europium

solid

300 K

13.9 W/(m K)

estimated

298.2 K

13.9 W/(m K)

estimated

273.2 K

14.0 W/(m K)

estimated

250 K

14.1 W/(m K)

estimated

223.2 K

14.4 W/(m K)

estimated

200 K

14.8 W/(m K)

estimated

173.2 K

15.6 W/(m K)

estimated

150 K

16.5 W/(m K)

estimated

123.2 K

18.2 W/(m K)

estimated

Fermium

solid, 300 K

10 W/(m K)

estimated

Fluorine

gas

800 K, 1 atm

0.0618 W/(m K)

750 K, 1 atm

0.0603 W/(m K)

700 K, 1 atm

0.0583 W/(m K)

650 K, 1 atm

0.0557 W/(m K)

600 K, 1 atm

0.0527 W/(m K)

550 K, 1 atm

0.0493 W/(m K)

500 K, 1 atm

0.0455 W/(m K)

450 K, 1 atm

0.0413 W/(m K)

400 K, 1 atm

0.0371 W/(m K)

350 K, 1 atm

0.0326 W/(m K)

300 K, 1 atm

0.0279 W/(m K)

290 K, 1 atm

0.0269 W/(m K)

280 K, 1 atm

0.0260 W/(m K)

270 K, 1 atm

0.0251 W/(m K)

250 K, 1 atm

0.0231 W/(m K)

200 K, 1 atm

0.0184 W/(m K)

150 K, 1 atm

0.0137 W/(m K)

100 K, 1 atm

0.0090 W/(m K)

85 K, 1 atm

0.0076 W/(m K)

extrapolated

saturated vapor

144 K

0.040 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated, pseudo-critical value

140 K

0.022 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated

130 K

0.016 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated

120 K

0.0125 W/(m K)

extrapolated or estimated

110 K

0.0105 W/(m K)

extrapolated or estimated

100 K

0.0092 W/(m K)

extrapolated or estimated

90 K

0.0081 W/(m K)

extrapolated or estimated

80 K

0.0071 W/(m K)

extrapolated or estimated

70 K

0.0062 W/(m K)

extrapolated or estimated

60 K

0.0053 W/(m K)

extrapolated or estimated

54 K

0.0048 W/(m K)

extrapolated or estimated

saturated liquid

144 K

0.040 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated, pseudo-critical value

140 K

0.066 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated

130 K

0.090 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated

120 K

0.106 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated

110 K

0.121 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated

100 K

0.135 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated

90 K

0.150 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated

80 K

0.165 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated

70 K

0.180 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated

60 K

0.195 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated

54 K

0.204 W/(m K) 

extrapolated or estimated

Francium

solid, 300 K

14.5 W/(m K)

estimated

Gadolinium

solid

310 K

polycrystalline

10.7 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

11.0 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

10.6 W/(m K) 

300 K

polycrystalline

10.6 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

10.8 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

10.4 W/(m K) 

298.2 K

polycrystalline

10.5 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

10.8 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

10.3 W/(m K) 

273.2 K

polycrystalline

10.4 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

10.4 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

10.3 W/(m K) 

250 K

polycrystalline

10.7 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

10.5 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

10.7 W/(m K) 

200 K

polycrystalline

11.7 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

11.2 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

11.9 W/(m K) 

150 K

polycrystalline

12.9 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

12.1 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

13.3 W/(m K) 

100 K

polycrystalline

14.3 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

13.3 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

14.9 W/(m K) 

80 K

polycrystalline

15.1 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

13.9 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

15.7 W/(m K) 

60 K

polycrystalline

16.0 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

14.7 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

16.7 W/(m K) 

40 K

polycrystalline

17.1 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

15.8 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

17.8 W/(m K) 

20 K

polycrystalline

17.0 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

17.5 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

16.8 W/(m K) 

18 K

polycrystalline

16.5 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

17.4 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

16.1 W/(m K) 

16 K

polycrystalline

15.8 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

17.0 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

15.2 W/(m K) 

14 K

polycrystalline

14.9 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

16.4 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

14.2 W/(m K) 

12 K

polycrystalline

13.7 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

15.2 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

13.0 W/(m K) 

10 K

polycrystalline

12.1 W/(m K) 

parallel to c-axis

13.7 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

11.3 W/(m K) 

8 K

polycrystalline

 9.94 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

11.6 W/(m K) 

perpendicular to c-axis

 9.18 W/(m K)

6 K

polycrystalline

 7.52 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 9.02 W/(m K)

perpendicular to c-axis

 6.86 W/(m K)

4 K

polycrystalline

 4.88 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 5.94 W/(m K)

perpendicular to c-axis

 4.42 W/(m K)

Gallium

liquid

700 K

 51.9 W/(m K)

extrapolated

600 K

 46.2 W/(m K)

500 K

 40.6 W/(m K)

400 K

 34.5 W/(m K)

323.2 K

 29.4 W/(m K)

302.93 K

 28.1 W/(m K)

solid

302.93 K

polycrystalline

 40.6 W/(m K)

parallel to a-axis

 40.6 W/(m K)

parallel to b-axis

 88.3 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 15.9 W/(m K)

300 K

polycrystalline

 40.6 W/(m K)

parallel to a-axis

 40.6 W/(m K)

parallel to b-axis

 88.3 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 15.9 W/(m K)

298.2 K

polycrystalline

 40.8 W/(m K)

parallel to a-axis

 40.8 W/(m K)

parallel to b-axis

 88.3 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 15.9 W/(m K)

273.3 K

polycrystalline

 41.0 W/(m K)

parallel to a-axis

 41.0 W/(m K)

parallel to b-axis

 88.4 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 16.0 W/(m K)

200 K

polycrystalline

 42.4 W/(m K)

parallel to a-axis

 42.4 W/(m K)

parallel to b-axis

 89.6 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 16.3 W/(m K)

100 K

polycrystalline

 47.4 W/(m K)

parallel to a-axis

 47.4 W/(m K)

parallel to b-axis

 95.1 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 18.1 W/(m K)

80 K

polycrystalline

 49.4 W/(m K)

parallel to a-axis

 49.4 W/(m K)

parallel to b-axis

 98.3 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 19.6 W/(m K)

60 K

polycrystalline

 55.5 W/(m K)

parallel to a-axis

 55.5 W/(m K)

parallel to b-axis

115 W/(m K)  

parallel to c-axis

 23.3 W/(m K)

40 K

polycrystalline

 79.5 W/(m K)

parallel to a-axis

 79.5 W/(m K)

parallel to b-axis

198 W/(m K)  

parallel to c-axis

 33.3 W/(m K)

20 K

polycrystalline

265 W/(m K)  

parallel to a-axis

265 W/(m K)  

parallel to b-axis

17.3×102 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

 83.5 W/(m K)

10 K

polycrystalline

11.9×102 W/(m K)

parallel to a-axis

11.9×102 W/(m K)

parallel to b-axis

32.5×102 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

349 W/(m K)  

2 K

polycrystalline

298×102 W/(m K)

parallel to a-axis

298×102 W/(m K)

parallel to b-axis

832×102 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

76.0×102 W/(m K)

1 K

polycrystalline

226×102 W/(m K)

parallel to a-axis

226×102 W/(m K)

parallel to b-axis

657×102 W/(m K)

parallel to c-axis

54.1×102 W/(m K)

Germanium

solid

1200 K

 17.4 W/(m K)

1100 K

 17.0 W/(m K)

1000 K

 17.4 W/(m K)

900 K

 18.2 W/(m K)

800 K

 19.8 W/(m K)

700 K

 22.7 W/(m K)

600 K

 27.3 W/(m K)

500 K

 33.8 W/(m K)

400 K

 43.2 W/(m K)

350 K

 49.5 W/(m K)

300 K

 59.9 W/(m K)

298.2 K

 60.2 W/(m K)

273.2 K

 66.7 W/(m K)

250 K

 74.9 W/(m K)

200 K

 96.8 W/(m K)

150 K

132 W/(m K)  

100 K

232 W/(m K)  

90 K

270 W/(m K)  

80 K

325 W/(m K)  

70 K

393 W/(m K)  

60 K

487 W/(m K)  

50 K

615 W/(m K)  

40 K

798 W/(m K)  

30 K

10.8×102 W/(m K)

20 K

14.9×102 W/(m K)

18 K

15.9×102 W/(m K)

16 K

16.9×102 W/(m K)

14 K

17.7×102 W/(m K)

12 K

18.0×102 W/(m K)

10 K

17.7×102 W/(m K)

9 K

17.3×102 W/(m K)

8 K

16.6×102 W/(m K)

7 K

15.5×102 W/(m K)

6 K

13.9×102 W/(m K)

5 K

11.6×102 W/(m K)

4 K

877 W/(m K)  

3 K

535 W/(m K)  

2 K

206 W/(m K)  

1 K

 27.4 W/(m K)

Reference    (Click the button next to a value above to see complete citation information for that entry)

Ho, C. Y., R. W. Powell, and P. E. Liley. "Thermal Conductivity of the Elements: A Comprehensive Review." Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, volume 3, supplement 1, 1974, pp. I–1 to I–796.