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Discovery Navigation

By Name

By Symbol

By Number

Element

Discovery

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Mercury

date of discovery

circa 1500 BC

discoverer

unknown

location of discovery

unknown

Molybdenum

date of discovery

1781

discoverer

Peter Jacob Hjelm

birth

October 2, 1746

death

October 7, 1813

location of discovery

Uppsala, Sweden

Neodymium

date of discovery

1885

discoverer

Baron Auer von Welsbach

birth

September 1, 1858

death

August 4, 1929

location of discovery

Vienna, Austria

Neon

date of discovery

1898

discoverer

William Ramsay

birth

October 2, 1852

death

July 23, 1916

discoverer

Morris William Travers

birth

January 24, 1872

death

1961

location of discovery

London, England

Neptunium

date of discovery

1940

discoverer

Edwin Mattison McMillan

birth

September 18, 1907

death

September 7, 1991

discoverer

Philip Hauge Abelson

birth

1913

death

August 1, 2004

location of discovery

Berkeley, California

Nickel

date of discovery

1751

discoverer

Axel Fredrik Cronstedt

birth

December 23, 1722

death

August 19, 1765

location of discovery

Stockholm, Sweden

Niobium

date of discovery

1801

discoverer

Charles Hatchett

birth

January 2, 1765

death

February 10, 1847

location of discovery

London, England

Nitrogen

date of discovery

1772

discoverer

Daniel Rutherford

birth

November 3, 1749

death

December 15, 1819

location of discovery

Edinburgh, Scotland

Nobelium

shared discovery

date of discovery

1958

discoverer

Albert Ghiorso

birth

July 15, 1915

discoverer

Torbjørn Sikkeland

discoverer

John R. Walton

discoverer

Glenn Theodore Seaborg

birth

April 19, 1912

death

February 25, 1999

location of discovery

Berkeley, California

shared discovery

date of discovery

1964 to 1968

discoverer

G. N. Flerov

location of discovery

Dubna Laboratory, Russia

Osmium

date of discovery

1804

discoverer

Smithson Tennant

birth

November 30, 1761

death

February 22, 1815

location of discovery

London, England

Oxygen

shared discovery

date of discovery

1774

discoverer

Joseph Priestley

birth

March 13, 1733

death

February 6, 1804

location of discovery

Wiltshire, England

shared discovery

date of discovery

1771–1772

discoverer

Carl Wilhelm Scheele

birth

December 9 (or 19), 1742

death

May 21, 1786

location of discovery

Uppsala, Sweden

Palladium

date of discovery

1803

discoverer

William Hyde Wollaston

birth

August 6, 1766

death

December 22, 1828

location of discovery

London, England

Phosphorus

date of discovery

1669

discoverer

Hennig Brand

location of discovery

Hamburg, Germany

Platinum

date of discovery

pre 1700

discoverer

unknown

location of discovery

Central America

Plutonium

date of discovery

1940

discoverer

Glenn Theodore Seaborg

birth

April 19, 1912

death

February 25, 1999

discoverer

Edwin Mattison McMillan

birth

September 18, 1907

death

September 7, 1991

discoverer

Joseph W. Kennedy

birth

May 30, 1916

death

May 5, 1957

discoverer

Arthur C. Wahl

birth

September 8, 1917

death

March 6, 2006

location of discovery

Berkeley, California

Polonium

date of discovery

1898

discoverer

Marie Sklodowska Curie

birth

November 7, 1867

death

July 4, 1934

location of discovery

Paris, France

Potassium

date of discovery

1807

discoverer

Humphry Davy

birth

December 17, 1778

death

May 29, 1829

location of discovery

London, England

Praseodymium

date of discovery

1885

discoverer

Baron Auer von Welsbach

birth

September 1, 1858

death

August 4, 1929

location of discovery

Vienna, Austria

Promethium

date of discovery

1945

discoverer

Jakob Akiba Marinsky

birth

1918

discoverer

Lawrence Elgin Glendenin

birth

1918

discoverer

Charles Dubois Coryell

birth

1912

death

1971

location of discovery

Oak Ridge, Tennessee

Protactinium

shared discovery

date of discovery

1913

discoverer

Kaisimir Fajans

birth

1887

death

1975

discoverer

Oswald Göhring

location of discovery

Karlsruhe, Germany

shared discovery

date of discovery

1917

discoverer

Otto Hahn

birth

March 8, 1879

death

July 28, 1968

discoverer

Lise Meitner

birth

November 7 (or 17), 1878

death

October 27, 1968

location of discovery

Berlin, Germany

shared discovery

date of discovery

1917

discoverer

Frederick Soddy

birth

September 2, 1877

death

September 22, 1956

discoverer

John Arnold Cranston

birth

1891

death

1972

discoverer

Sir Alexander Fleck

birth

1889

death

1968

location of discovery

Glasgow, Scotland

Radium

date of discovery

1898

discoverer

Marie Sklodowska Curie

birth

November 7, 1867

death

July 4, 1934

discoverer

Pierre Curie

birth

May 15, 1859

death

April 19, 1906

location of discovery

Paris, France

Radon

date of discovery

1900

discoverer

Friedrich Ernst Dorn

birth

July 27, 1848

death

1916

location of discovery

Halle, Germany

References    (Click the button next to a value above to see complete citation information for that entry)

Bernstein, Jeremy. Plutonium: A History of the World's Most Dangerous Element. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2007.

Cassebaum, H., and J. A. Schufle. "Scheele's Priority for the Discovery of Oxygen." Journal of Chemical Education, volume 52, number 7, 1975, pp. 442–444. doi:10.1021/ed052p442

Cox, P. A. The Elements: Their Origin, Abundance and Distribution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Emsley, John. Nature's Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Ghiorso, A., B. G. Harvey, G. R. Choppin, S. G. Thompson, and G. T. Seaborg. "New Element Mendelevium, Atomic Number 101." Physical Review, volume 98, number 5, 1955, pp. 1518–1519. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.98.1518

Ghiorso, A., J. M. Nitschke, J. R. Alonso, C. T. Alonso, M. Nurmia, G. T. Seaborg, E. K. Hulet, and R. W. Lougheed. "Element 106." Physical Review Letters, volume 33, number 25, 1974, pp. 1490–1493. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.33.1490

Ghiorso, A., M. Nurmia, J. Harris, K. Eskola, and P. Eskola. "Positive Identification of Two Alpha-Particle-Emitting Isotopes of Element 104." Physical Review Letters, volume 22, number 24, 1969, pp. 1317–1320. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.22.1317

Ghiorso, A., S. G. Thompson, G. H. Higgins, G. T. Seaborg, M. H. Studier, P. R. Fields, S. M. Fried, H. Diamond, J. F. Mech, G. L. Pyle, J. R. Huizenga, A. Hirsch, W. M. Manning, C. I. Browne, H. L. Smith, and R. W. Spence. "New Elements Einsteinium and Fermium, Atomic Numbers 99 and 100." Physical Review, volume 99, number 3, 1955, pp. 1048–1049. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.99.1048

Ghiorso, A., T. Sikkeland, J. R. Walton, and G. T. Seaborg. "Element No. 102." Physical Review Letters, volume 1, number 1, 1958, pp. 18–21. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.1.18

Ghiorso, Albert, Matti Nurmia, Kari Eskola, James Harris, and Pirkko Eskola. "New Element Hahnium, Atomic Number 105." Physical Review Letters, volume 24, number 26, 1970, pp. 1498–1503. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.24.1498

Ghiorso, Albert, Torbjørn Sikkeland, Almon E. Larsh, and Robert M. Latimer. "New Element, Lawrencium, Atomic Number 103." Physical Review Letters, volume 6, number 9, 1961, pp. 473–475. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.6.473

Griffith, W. P. "Bicentenary of Four Platinum Group Metals: Part II: Osmium and Iridium—Events Surrounding Their Discoveries." Platinum Metals Review, volume 48, number 4, 2004, pp. 182–189. doi:10.1595/147106704X4844

Griffith, W. P. "Bicentenary of Four Platinum Group Metals: Part I: Rhodium and Palladium—Events Surrounding Their Discoveries." Platinum Metals Review, volume 47, number 4, 2003, pp. 175–183.

Hoffman, Darleane C., Albert Ghiorso, and Glenn T. Seaborg. The Transuranium People: The Inside Story. London, England: Imperial College Press, 2000.

Ihde, Aaron J. The Development of Modern Chemistry. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1984.

Jensen, William B. "Why Helium Ends in “-ium”." Journal of Chemical Education, volume 81, number 7, 2004, p. 944. doi:10.1021/ed081p944

Kennedy, Donald. "In Memoriam: Philip Hauge Abelson, 1913-2004." Science, volume 305, number 5685, 2004, p. 765. doi:10.1126/science.305.5685.765

Klickstein, Herbert S. "Pierre Curie—An Appreciation of His Scientific Achievements." Journal of Chemical Education, volume 24, number 6, 1947, pp. 278–282. doi:10.1021/ed024p278

Lewis, David G. "The Early Life of Smithson Tennant FRS (1761–1815)." Platinum Metals Review, volume 55, number 3, 2011, pp. 196–200. doi:10.1595/147106711X581710

Los Alamos National Laboratory. LANL: Joseph W. Kennedy. http://www.lanl.gov/history/people/J_Kennedy.shtml. Accessed on July 1, 2009.

Marinsky, J. A., L. E. Glendenin, and C. D. Coryell. "The Chemical Identification of Radioisotopes of Neodymium and of Element 61." Journal of the American Chemical Society, volume 69, number 11, 1947, pp. 2781–2785. doi:10.1021/ja01203a059

Marshall, James L. Discovery of the Elements: A Search for the Fundamental Principles of the Universe, 2nd edition. Boston, MA: Pearson Custom Publishing, 2002.

Neville, Roy G. "Steps Leading to the Discovery of Oxygen, 1774: A Bicentennial Tribute to Joseph Priestley." Journal of Chemical Education, volume 51, number 7, 1974, pp. 428–431. doi:10.1021/ed051p428

Nobel Foundation. Edwin M. McMillan: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1951. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1951/mcmillan-bio.html. Accessed on July 1, 2009.

Nobel Foundation. Frederick Soddy: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1921. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1921/soddy-bio.html. Accessed on July 15, 2009.

Nobel Foundation. Glenn T. Seaborg: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1951. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1951/seaborg-bio.html. Accessed on July 1, 2009.

Nobel Foundation. Marie Curie: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1911/marie-curie-bio.html. Accessed on July 15, 2009.

Nobel Foundation. Marie Curie: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1903/marie-curie-bio.html. Accessed on July 15, 2009.

Nobel Foundation. Otto Hahn: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1944. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1944/hahn-bio.html. Accessed on July 15, 2009.

Nobel Foundation. Pierre Curie: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1903/pierre-curie-bio.html. Accessed on July 15, 2009.

Nobel Foundation. Sir William Ramsay: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1904. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1904/ramsay-bio.html. Accessed on July 16, 2009.

Partington, J. R. "The Discovery of Oxygen." Journal of Chemical Education, volume 39, number 3, 1962, pp. 123–125. doi:10.1021/ed039p123

Physics Today. Death Notice: Arthur C. Wahl. http://www.physicstoday.org/obits/notice_074.shtml. Accessed on July 1, 2009.

Quadbeck-Seeger, Hans-Jürgen. World of the Elements: Elements of the World. Translated by José Oliveira. Bad Dürkheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2007.

Seaborg, Glenn T., and Walter D. Loveland. The Elements Beyond Uranium. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1990.

Sime, Ruth Lewin. Lise Meitner: A Life in Physics. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1996.

Thompson, S. G., A. Ghiorso, and G. T. Seaborg. "The New Element Berkelium (Atomic Number 97)." Physical Review, volume 80, number 5, 1950, pp. 781–789. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.80.781

Thompson, S. G., K. Street, Jr., A. Ghiorso, and G. T. Seaborg. "The New Element Californium (Atomic Number 98)." Physical Review, volume 80, number 5, 1950, pp. 790–796. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.80.790

Weeks, Mary Elvira, and Henry M. Leicester. Discovery of the Elements, 7th edition. Easton, PA: Journal of Chemical Education, 1968.

Weeks, Mary Elvira. "The Chemical Contributions of Charles Hatchett." Journal of Chemical Education, volume 15, number 4, 1938, pp. 153–158. doi:10.1021/ed015p153

Weeks, Mary Elvira. "Daniel Rutherford and the Discovery of Nitrogen." Journal of Chemical Education, volume 11, number 2, 1934, pp. 101–107. doi:10.1021/ed011p101

Williams, Kathryn R. "The Discovery of Oxygen and Other Priestley Matters." Journal of Chemical Education, volume 80, number 10, 2003, pp. 1129–1131. doi:10.1021/ed080p1129