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Allotropes Navigation

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By Symbol

By Number

Element

Allotropes

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Chromium

allotrope

α-chromium

symbol

αCr

allotrope

α'-chromium

symbol

α'Cr

Cobalt

allotrope

ε-cobalt

alternate name

α-cobalt

symbol

εCo

alternate symbol

αCo

allotrope

α-cobalt

alternate name

β-cobalt

symbol

αCo

alternate symbol

βCo

Curium

allotrope

α-curium

symbol

αCm

allotrope

β-curium

symbol

βCm

Dysprosium

allotrope

α'-dysprosium

symbol

α'Dy

allotrope

α-dysprosium

symbol

αDy

allotrope

β-dysprosium

symbol

βDy

allotrope

γ-dysprosium

symbol

γDy

Einsteinium

allotrope

α-einsteinium

symbol

αEs

allotrope

β-einsteinium

symbol

βEs

Fluorine

allotrope

α-fluorine

symbol

αF

allotrope

β-fluorine

symbol

βF

Gadolinium

allotrope

α-gadolinium

symbol

αGd

allotrope

β-gadolinium

symbol

βGd

allotrope

γ-gadolinium

symbol

γGd

Gallium

allotrope

α-gallium

alternate name

gallium I

symbol

αGa

allotrope

β-gallium

alternate name

gallium II

symbol

βGa

allotrope

γ-gallium

alternate name

gallium III

symbol

γGa

Germanium

allotrope

α-germanium

symbol

αGe

allotrope

β-germanium

alternate name

germanium II

symbol

βGe

allotrope

γ-germanium

alternate name

germanium III

symbol

γGe

allotrope

δ-germanium

alternate name

germanium IV

symbol

δGe

Hafnium

allotrope

α-hafnium

symbol

αHf

allotrope

β-hafnium

symbol

βHf

Helium

allotrope

α-helium

symbol

αHe

allotrope

β-helium

symbol

βHe

allotrope

γ-helium

symbol

γHe

Holmium

allotrope

α-holmium

symbol

αHo

allotrope

β-holmium

symbol

βHo

alternate symbol

γHo

Hydrogen

allotrope

α-hydrogen

symbol

αH

allotrope

β-hydrogen

symbol

βH

Iron

allotrope

α-Iron

symbol

αFe

allotrope

γ-Iron

symbol

γFe

allotrope

δ-Iron

symbol

δFe

allotrope

ε-Iron

symbol

εFe

Lanthanum

allotrope

α-lanthanum

symbol

αLa

allotrope

β-lanthanum

symbol

βLa

allotrope

γ-lanthanum

symbol

γLa

allotrope

β'-lanthanum

symbol

β'La

Lead

allotrope

α-lead

symbol

αPb

alternate symbol

Pb-I

allotrope

β-lead

symbol

βPb

alternate symbol

Pb-II

Lithium

allotrope

α-lithium

symbol

αLi

allotrope

β-lithium

symbol

βLi

allotrope

γ-lithium

symbol

γLi

Manganese

allotrope

α-manganese

symbol

αMn

allotrope

β-manganese

symbol

βMn

allotrope

γ-manganese

symbol

γMn

allotrope

δ-manganese

symbol

δMn

Mercury

allotrope

α-mercury

symbol

αHg

allotrope

β-mercury

symbol

βHg

allotrope

γ-mercury

symbol

γHg

Neodymium

allotrope

α-neodymium

symbol

αNd

allotrope

β-neodymium

symbol

βNd

allotrope

γ-neodymium

symbol

γNd

Neptunium

allotrope

α-neptunium

symbol

αNp

allotrope

β-neptunium

symbol

βNp

allotrope

γ-neptunium

symbol

γNp

Nitrogen

allotrope

α-nitrogen

symbol

α-N2

allotrope

β-nitrogen

symbol

β-N2

allotrope

γ-nitrogen

symbol

γ-N2

alternate symbol

N-II

allotrope

cubic gauche nitrogen

alternate name

polymeric nitrogen

symbol

cg-N

allotrope

molecular nitrogen

alternate name

nitrogen

alternate name

dinitrogen

symbol

N2

References    (Click the button next to a value above to see complete citation information for that entry)

Cardarelli, François. Materials Handbook: A Concise Desktop Reference, 2nd edition. London: Springer–Verlag, 2008.

Connelly, Neil G., Ture Damhus, Richard M. Hartshorn, and Alan T. Hutton. Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry: IUPAC Recommendations 2005. Cambridge: RSC Publishing, 2005.

Donohue, Jerry. The Structures Of The Elements, 2nd edition. Malabar, Florida: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company, 1974.

Ebbing, Darrell D., and Steven D. Gammon. General Chemistry, 8th edition. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2005.

Eremets, Mikhail I., Alexander G. Gavriliuk, Ivan A. Trojan, Dymitro A. Dzivenko, and Reinhard Boehler. "Single-Bonded Cubic Form of Nitrogen." Nature Materials, volume 3, number 8, 2004, pp. 558 – 563. doi:10.1038/nmat1146

Filyand, M. A., and E. I. Semenova. Handbook of the Rare Elements: Radioactive Elements and Rare Earth Elements, volume 3. Translated by Michael E. Alferieff. London: Oldbourne Book Co. Ltd., 1970.

Freiman, Yuri A. "Phase Diagrams, Structures, and Thermodynamic Properties." pp. 286–364 in Physics of Cryocrystals. Edited by Vadim G. Manzhelii and Yuri A. Freiman. Woodbury, NY: AIP Press, 1997.

Freiman, Yuri A. "Properties of High-Pressure Phases." pp. 538–600 in Physics of Cryocrystals. Edited by Vadim G. Manzhelii and Yuri A. Freiman. Woodbury, NY: AIP Press, 1997.

Greenwood, N. N., and A. Earnshaw. Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1997.

Herchenroeder, J. W., and K. A. Gschneidner. "Stable, Metastable and Nonexistent Allotropes." Journal of Phase Equilibria, volume 9, number 1, 1988, pp. 2–12. doi:10.1007/BF02877443

King, H. W. "Pressure-Dependent Allotropic Structures of the Elements." Bulletin of Alloy Phase Diagrams, volume 4, number 4, 1983, pp. 449–450. doi:10.1007/BF02868110

King, H. W. "Temperature-Dependent Allotropic Structures of the Elements." Bulletin of Alloy Phase Diagrams, volume 3, number 2, 1982, pp. 275–276. doi:10.1007/BF02892394

Li, Wai-Kee, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Mak. Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Lide, David R., editor. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 88th edition. Boca Raton, Florida: Taylor & Francis Group, 2008.

Rajan, K. Govinda. "The Actinides: Prospects of High Pressure Research." Current Science, volume 53, number 21, 1984, pp. 1115–1127.

Scientific Group Thermodata Europe (SGTE). Pure Substances: Part 1—Elements and Compounds from AgBr to Ba3N2. Edited by I. Hurtado and D. Neuschütz. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1999. doi:10.1007/10652891_3

Swartzendruber, L. J. "Properties of Iron." Bulletin of Alloy Phase Diagrams, volume 3, number 2, 1982, p. 224.