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Density Navigation

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Element

Density

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Notes

Radium

liquid, 973.15 K

 4.615 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 5.000 g/cm3   

Radon

gas, 25 °C, 1 atm

 9.074 g/L     

liquid, 202.15 K

 4.400 g/ml    

Rhenium

liquid, 3459.15 K

18.900 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

20.800 g/cm3   

Rhodium

liquid, 2237.15 K

10.650 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

12.400 g/cm3   

Rubidium

liquid, 312.46 K

 1.482 g/ml    

solid

25 °C

 1.530 g/cm3   

293 K

 1.532 g/cm3   

5 K

 1.629 g/cm3   

Ruthenium

liquid, 2607.15 K

10.900 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

12.100 g/cm3   

Samarium

liquid, 1347.15 K

 7.160 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 7.520 g/cm3   

Scandium

liquid, 1814.15 K

 2.800 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 2.990 g/cm3   

Selenium

gray selenium

liquid, 494.15 K

 3.987 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 4.810 g/cm3   

vitreous selenium, solid, 25 °C

 4.280 g/cm3   

α-monoclinic selenium, solid, 25 °C

 4.390 g/cm3   

Silicon

liquid, 1688 K

 2.49 g/ml     

solid

1688 K

 2.286 g/cm3   

1600 K

 2.290 g/cm3   

1500 K

 2.294 g/cm3   

1400 K

 2.298 g/cm3   

1300 K

 2.302 g/cm3   

1200 K

 2.306 g/cm3   

1100 K

 2.309 g/cm3   

1000 K

 2.312 g/cm3   

900 K

 2.315 g/cm3   

800 K

 2.318 g/cm3   

700 K

 2.321 g/cm3   

600 K

 2.323 g/cm3   

500 K

 2.325 g/cm3   

400 K

 2.327 g/cm3   

300 K

 2.329 g/cm3   

25 °C

 2.329002 g/cm3

hydrostatic weighing, high purity crystal

20 °C

2.32831 ± 0.00031 g/cm3

determined by the suspension method

200 K

 2.330 g/cm3   

100 K

 2.331 g/cm3   

0 K

 2.332 g/cm3   

Silver

liquid, 1234.00 K

 9.296 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

10.500 g/cm3   

Sodium

liquid, 370.95 K

 0.928 g/ml    

solid

25 °C

 0.970 g/cm3   

5 K

 1.013 g/cm3   

Strontium

liquid, 1050.15 K

 2.375 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 2.640 g/cm3   

Sulfur

liquid, 388.36 K

 1.794 g/ml    

cyclo-hexasulfur, solid, 183 K

 2.260 g/cm3   

γ–cyclo-heptasulfur, solid, 163 K

 2.190 g/cm3   

δ–cyclo-heptasulfur, solid, 163 K

 2.182 g/cm3   

α-orthorhombic sulfur, solid

173 K

 2.108 g/cm3   

298 K

 2.066 g/cm3   

β-monoclinic sulfur, solid

113 K

 2.088 g/cm3   

298 K

 2.008 g/cm3   

γ-monoclinic sulfur, solid, 298 K

 2.08 g/cm3    

α–cyclo-nonasulfur, solid, 173 K

 2.114 g/cm3   

cyclo-decasulfur, solid, 163 K

 2.103 g/cm3   

the compound S6·S10, solid, 163 K

 2.17 g/cm3    

cyclo-undecasulfur, solid, 163 K

 2.08 g/cm3    

cyclo-dodecasulfur, solid, 298 K

 2.045 g/cm3   

cyclo-tridecasulfur, solid, 173 K

 2.09 g/cm3    

cyclo-tetradecasulfur, solid, 173 K

 2.045 g/cm3   

α–cyclo-octadecasulfur, solid, 298 K

 2.090 g/cm3   

β–cyclo-octadecasulfur, solid, 298 K

 2.009 g/cm3   

cyclo-eicosasulfur, solid, 298 K

 2.023 g/cm3   

Tantalum

liquid, 3290.15 K

15.000 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

16.400 g/cm3   

Technetium

liquid, 2430.15 K

10.615 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

11.000 g/cm3   

Tellurium

liquid, 722.66 K

 5.797 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 6.240 g/cm3   

Terbium

liquid, 1629.15 K

 7.650 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 8.230 g/cm3   

Thallium

liquid, 577.15 K

11.291 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

11.800 g/cm3   

Thorium

solid, 25 °C

11.700 g/cm3   

Thulium

liquid, 1818.15 K

 9.000 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 9.320 g/cm3   

Tin

liquid

1950 K, 1 bar

 6.037 g/ml    

1900 K, 1 bar

 6.070 g/ml    

1850 K, 1 bar

 6.102 g/ml    

1800 K, 1 bar

 6.135 g/ml    

1750 K, 1 bar

 6.167 g/ml    

1700 K, 1 bar

 6.200 g/ml    

1650 K, 1 bar

 6.233 g/ml    

1600 K, 1 bar

 6.265 g/ml    

1550 K, 1 bar

 6.298 g/ml    

1500 K, 1 bar

 6.330 g/ml    

1450 K, 1 bar

 6.363 g/ml    

1400 K, 1 bar

 6.396 g/ml    

1350 K, 1 bar

 6.428 g/ml    

1300 K, 1 bar

 6.461 g/ml    

1250 K, 1 bar

 6.493 g/ml    

1200 K, 1 bar

 6.526 g/ml    

1150 K, 1 bar

 6.559 g/ml    

1100 K, 1 bar

 6.591 g/ml    

1050 K, 1 bar

 6.624 g/ml    

1000 K, 1 bar

 6.656 g/ml    

950 K, 1 bar

 6.689 g/ml    

900 K, 1 bar

 6.722 g/ml    

850 K, 1 bar

 6.754 g/ml    

800 K, 1 bar

 6.787 g/ml    

750 K, 1 bar

 6.819 g/ml    

700 K, 1 bar

 6.852 g/ml    

650 K, 1 bar

 6.885 g/ml    

600 K, 1 bar

 6.917 g/ml    

550 K, 1 bar

 6.950 g/ml    

506 K, 1 bar

 6.978 g/ml    

505 K

 6.980 g/ml    

solid

505 K

 7.182 g/cm3   

500 K

 7.185 g/cm3   

400 K

 7.234 g/cm3   

300 K

 7.283 g/cm3   

200 K

 7.331 g/cm3   

100 K

 7.375 g/cm3   

0 K

 7.418 g/cm3   

gray tin, solid, 18 °C

 7.285 g/cm3   

Titanium

15500 K, 0.7 GPa

 0.5 g/cm3     

critical point, predicted for the vapor and the insulating liquid region

liquid, 1941.15 K

 4.110 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 4.506 g/cm3   

Tungsten

22500 K, 1.6 GPa

 3.0 g/cm3     

critical point, predicted

liquid, 3695.15 K

17.700 g/ml    

α-tungsten, solid

25 °C

 19.246 ± 0.003 g/cm3  

calculated using x-ray lattice parameter measurements

20 °C

 19.250 ± 0.004 g/cm3  

hydrostatic weighing, zone refined single crystals

77 K

19.316 g/cm3   

calculated using x-ray lattice parameter measurements

Uranium

liquid, 1408.15 K

17.907 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

19.100 g/cm3   

Vanadium

liquid, 2183.15 K

 5.550 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 6.000 g/cm3   

Xenon

289.765 ± 0.025 K, 5.8405 ± 0.0005 MPa

  1.113 ± 0.003 g/cm3  

critical point, estimated

gas

800 K

1 atm

 2.00 g/L      

1 bar

 1.97 g/L      

750.000 K

1 atm

 2.13 g/L      

1 bar

 2.11 g/L      

700.000 K

1 atm

 2.29 g/L      

1 bar

 2.26 g/L      

650.000 K

1 atm

 2.46 g/L      

1 bar

 2.43 g/L      

600.000 K

1 atm

 2.67 g/L      

1 bar

 2.63 g/L      

550.000 K

1 atm

 2.91 g/L      

1 bar

 2.87 g/L      

500.000 K

1 atm

 3.20 g/L      

1 bar

 3.16 g/L      

450.000 K

1 atm

 3.56 g/L      

1 bar

 3.51 g/L      

400 K

1 atm

 4.01 g/L      

1 bar

 3.96 g/L      

360.000 K

1 atm

 4.46 g/L      

1 bar

 4.40 g/L      

320.000 K

1 atm

 5.02 g/L      

1 bar

 4.96 g/L      

300.000 K

1 atm

 5.36 g/L      

1 bar

 5.29 g/L      

25 °C, 1 atm

 5.366 g/L     

289.774 K

1 atm

 5.55 g/L      

1 bar

 5.48 g/L      

285.000 K

1 atm

 5.65 g/L      

1 bar

 5.57 g/L      

275.000 K

1 atm

 5.86 g/L      

1 bar

 5.78 g/L      

270.000 K

1 atm

 5.97 g/L      

1 bar

 5.89 g/L      

260.000 K

1 atm

 6.20 g/L      

1 bar

 6.12 g/L      

240.000 K

1 atm

 6.73 g/L      

1 bar

 6.64 g/L      

220.000 K

1 atm

 7.37 g/L      

1 bar

 7.27 g/L      

200.000 K

1 atm

 8.14 g/L      

1 bar

 8.03 g/L      

190.000 K

1 atm

 8.59 g/L      

1 bar

 8.48 g/L      

180.000 K

1 atm

 9.10 g/L      

1 bar

 8.98 g/L      

170.000 K

1 atm

 9.68 g/L      

1 bar

 9.55 g/L      

165.000 K, 1 bar

 9.87 g/ml     

liquid

165.000 K, 1 atm

 2.94559 g/ml  

161.36 K

 2.978 g/ml    

solid, 4 K

 3.78 g/cm3    

Ytterbium

liquid, 1092.15 K

 6.210 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 6.900 g/cm3   

Yttrium

liquid, 1795.15 K

 4.240 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 4.469 g/cm3   

Zinc

liquid, 812.15 K

 6.427 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 7.140 g/cm3   

Zirconium

liquid, 2128.15 K

 5.800 g/ml    

solid, 25 °C

 6.520 g/cm3   

References    (Click the button next to a value above to see complete citation information for that entry)

Assael, Marc J., Agni E. Kalyva, Konstantinos D. Antoniadis, R. Michael Banish, Ivan Egry, Jiangtao Wu, Erhard Kaschnitz, and William A. Wakeham. "Reference Data for the Density and Viscosity of Liquid Copper and Liquid Tin." Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, volume 39, number 3, 2010, pp. 033105–1 to 033105–8. doi:10.1063/1.3467496

Chi, T. C. "Electrical Resistivity of Alkali Elements." Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, volume 8, number 2, 1979, pp. 339–438.

Jensen, J. E., R. B. Stewart, W. A Tuttle, H. Brechna, and A. G. Prodell, editors. Brookhaven National Laboratory Selected Cryogenic Data Notebook. BNL 10200-R, Vol. 1, Brookhaven National Laboratory, August 1980.

Kerley, Gerald I., editor. Equations of State for Be, Ni, W, and Au. SAND2003-3784, Sandia National Laboratories, October 2003.

Kerley, Gerald I., editor. Equations of State for Titanium and Ti6A14V Alloy. SAND2003-3785, Sandia National Laboratories, October 2003.

Kittel, Charles. Introduction to Solid State Physics, 8th edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2005.

Lassner, Erik, and Wolf-Dieter Schubert. Tungsten: Properties, Chemistry, Technology of the Element, Alloys, and Chemical Compounds. New York: Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, 1999.

Lide, David R., editor. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 88th edition. Boca Raton, Florida: Taylor & Francis Group, 2008.

Madelung, Otfried, editor. Semiconductors — Basic Data, 2nd edition. Berlin: Springer–Verlag, 1996.

Šifner, O., and J. Klomfar. "Thermodynamic Properties of Xenon from the Triple Point to 800 K with Pressures up to 350 MPa." Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, volume 23, number 1, 1994, pp. 63–152.

Steudel, Ralf, and Bodo Eckert. "Solid Sulfur Allotropes." pp. 1–79 in Elemental Sulfur and Sulfur-Rich Compounds I. Edited by Ralf Steudel. Berlin: Springer–Verlag, 2003. doi:10.1007/b12110

Straumanis, M. E., and E. Z. Aka. "Lattice Parameters, Coefficients of Thermal Expansion, and Atomic Weights of Purest Silicon and Germanium." Journal of Applied Physics, volume 23, number 3, 1952, pp. 330–334. doi:10.1063/1.1702202

Yaws, Carl L. "Liquid Density of the Elements." Chemical Engineering, volume 114, number 12, 2007, pp. 44–46.

Yaws, Carl L. The Yaws Handbook of Physical Properties for Hydrocarbons and Chemicals. Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing Company, 2005.