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Density Navigation

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Element

Density

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Notes

Actinium

solid, 25 °C

10.000 g/cm3 

Aluminum

liquid

1200 K

 2.294 g/ml  

1175 K

 2.302 g/ml  

1150 K

 2.310 g/ml  

1125 K

 2.318 g/ml  

1100 K

 2.325 g/ml  

1075 K

 2.333 g/ml  

1050 K

 2.341 g/ml  

1025 K

 2.349 g/ml  

1000 K

 2.357 g/ml  

975 K

 2.364 g/ml  

950 K

 2.372 g/ml  

931 K

 2.379 g/ml  

solid

931 K

 2.542 g/cm3 

900 K

 2.552 g/cm3 

800 K

 2.590 g/cm3 

700 K

 2.616 g/cm3 

600 K

 2.640 g/cm3 

500 K

 2.662 g/cm3 

400 K

 2.681 g/cm3 

300 K

 2.698 g/cm3 

25 °C

 2.700 g/cm3 

200 K

 2.713 g/cm3 

100 K

 2.725 g/cm3 

0 K

 2.735 g/cm3 

Americium

solid, 25 °C

12.000 g/cm3 

Antimony

liquid, 903.78 K

 6.491 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 6.680 g/cm3 

Argon

150.687 ± 0.015 K, 4.863 ± 0.003 MPa

0.5356 ± 0.0010 g/cm3

critical point

gas

700 K, 1 bar

 0.68619 g/L 

650 K, 1 bar

 0.73898 g/L 

600 K, 1 bar

 0.80058 g/L 

550 K, 1 bar

 0.87338 g/L 

500 K, 1 bar

 0.96076 g/L 

450 K, 1 bar

 1.0676 g/L  

400 K, 1 bar

 1.2012 g/L  

350 K, 1 bar

 1.3731 g/L  

330 K, 1 bar

 1.4565 g/L  

310 K, 1 bar

 1.5507 g/L  

300 K, 1 bar

 1.6025 g/L  

25 °C, 1 atm

 1.6329 g/L  

290 K, 1 bar

 1.6579 g/L  

280 K, 1 bar

 1.7174 g/L  

273.15 K, 1 atm

 1.782 g/L   

270 K, 1 bar

 1.7812 g/L  

260 K, 1 bar

 1.8500 g/L  

240 K, 1 bar

 2.0050 g/L  

220 K, 1 bar

 2.1885 g/L  

200 K, 1 bar

 2.4093 g/L  

190 K, 1 bar

 2.5374 g/L  

180 K, 1 bar

 2.6800 g/L  

170 K, 1 bar

 2.8398 g/L  

160 K, 1 bar

 3.0202 g/L  

150 K, 1 bar

 3.2255 g/L  

140 K, 1 bar

 3.4613 g/L  

130 K, 1 bar

 3.7352 g/L  

120 K, 1 bar

 4.0577 g/L  

110 K, 1 bar

 4.4436 g/L  

100 K, 1 bar

 4.9152 g/L  

90 K, 1 bar

 5.5077 g/L  

87.178 K, 1 bar

 5.7043 g/L  

liquid

87.178 K, 1 bar

 1.39616 g/ml

85 K, 1 bar

 1.40957 g/ml

83.814 K, 1 bar

 1.41680 g/ml

83.78 K

 1.419 g/ml  

solid, 4 K

 1.77 g/cm3  

Arsenic

liquid, 1090.15 K

 5.286 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 5.778 g/cm3 

Barium

liquid, 1000.15 K

 3.325 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 3.620 g/cm3 

Berkelium

α-berkelium, solid, 25 °C

14.780 g/cm3 

β-berkelium, solid, 25 °C

13.250 g/cm3 

Beryllium

13000 K, 0.7 GPa

 0.12 g/cm3  

critical point, predicted

liquid, 1556.00 K

 1.690 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 1.850 g/cm3 

Bismuth

liquid, 544.54 K

10.064 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 9.790 g/cm3 

Boron

liquid, 2348.15 K

 2.160 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 2.340 g/cm3 

Bromine

liquid

25 °C

 3.103 g/cm3 

265.85 K

 3.214 g/ml  

solid, 123 K

 4.05 g/cm3  

Cadmium

liquid, 594.05 K

 8.017 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 8.690 g/cm3 

Calcium

liquid, 1115.00 K

 1.368 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 1.540 g/cm3 

Californium

solid, 25 °C

15.100 g/cm3 

Carbon

diamond, solid, 25 °C

 3.513 g/cm3 

graphite

liquid, 4765.00 K

 1.611 g/ml  

solid

300 K

 2.26 g/cm3  

theoretical density for a perfect crystal

25 °C

 2.200 g/cm3 

Cerium

liquid, 1071.15 K

 6.680 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 6.770 g/cm3 

Cesium

1938 ± 10 K, 9.4 ± 0.2 MPa

  0.39 ± 0.01 g/cm3  

critical point

liquid, 301.65 K

 1.853 g/ml  

solid

25 °C

 1.930 g/cm3 

5 K

 1.997 g/cm3 

Chlorine

gas

25 °C, 1 atm

 2.898 g/L   

273.15 K, 1 atm

 3.164 g/L   

liquid, 172.12 K

 1.723 g/ml  

solid, 93 K

 2.03 g/cm3  

Chromium

liquid

2223 K

  6.00 ± 0.13 g/ml   

2180.15 K

 6.460 g/ml  

solid

2123 K

 6.61 g/cm3  

2100 K

 6.63 g/cm3  

2000 K

 6.69 g/cm3  

1900 K

 6.74 g/cm3  

1800 K

 6.78 g/cm3  

1700 K

 6.83 g/cm3  

1600 K

 6.87 g/cm3  

1500 K

 6.91 g/cm3  

1400 K

 6.94 g/cm3  

1300 K

 6.98 g/cm3  

1200 K

 7.01 g/cm3  

1100 K

 7.04 g/cm3  

1000 K

 7.07 g/cm3  

900 K

 7.09 g/cm3  

800 K

 7.11 g/cm3  

600 K

 7.16 g/cm3  

500 K

 7.18 g/cm3  

400 K

 7.20 g/cm3  

25 °C

 7.150 g/cm3 

Cobalt

liquid, 1873.15 K

 7.540 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 8.860 g/cm3 

Copper

liquid

2450 K, 1 bar

 7.102 g/ml  

2400 K, 1 bar

 7.143 g/ml  

2350 K, 1 bar

 7.184 g/ml  

2300 K, 1 bar

 7.225 g/ml  

2250 K, 1 bar

 7.266 g/ml  

2200 K, 1 bar

 7.307 g/ml  

2150 K, 1 bar

 7.348 g/ml  

2100 K, 1 bar

 7.389 g/ml  

2050 K, 1 bar

 7.430 g/ml  

2000 K, 1 bar

 7.471 g/ml  

1950 K, 1 bar

 7.512 g/ml  

1900 K, 1 bar

 7.553 g/ml  

1850 K, 1 bar

 7.594 g/ml  

1800 K, 1 bar

 7.635 g/ml  

1750 K, 1 bar

 7.676 g/ml  

1700 K, 1 bar

 7.717 g/ml  

1650 K, 1 bar

 7.758 g/ml  

1600 K, 1 bar

 7.799 g/ml  

1550 K, 1 bar

 7.840 g/ml  

1500 K, 1 bar

 7.881 g/ml  

1450 K, 1 bar

 7.921 g/ml  

1400 K, 1 bar

 7.962 g/ml  

1356 K, 1 bar

 7.998 g/ml  

solid

1356 K

 8.32 g/cm3  

1300 K

 8.37 g/cm3  

1200 K

 8.44 g/cm3  

1100 K

 8.51 g/cm3  

1000 K

 8.58 g/cm3  

900 K

 8.65 g/cm3  

800 K

 8.71 g/cm3  

700 K

 8.76 g/cm3  

600 K

 8.82 g/cm3  

500 K

 8.87 g/cm3  

400 K

 8.91 g/cm3  

300 K

 8.96 g/cm3  

25 °C

 8.960 g/cm3 

200 K

 9.00 g/cm3  

100 K

 9.04 g/cm3  

0 K

 9.08 g/cm3  

Curium

solid, 25 °C

13.510 g/cm3 

Dysprosium

liquid, 1685.15 K

 8.200 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 8.550 g/cm3 

Erbium

liquid, 1802.15 K

 8.600 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 9.070 g/cm3 

Europium

liquid, 1095.15 K

 4.870 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 5.240 g/cm3 

Fluorine

gas, 25 °C, 1 atm

 1.553 g/L   

liquid, 53.48 K

 1.706 g/ml  

Gadolinium

liquid, 1586.15 K

 7.400 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 7.900 g/cm3 

Gallium

liquid, 302.91 K

 6.078 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 5.910 g/cm3 

Germanium

liquid, 1210.40 K

 5.585 g/ml  

solid

25 °C

5.3234 ± 0.0025 g/cm3

298 K

 5.3234 g/cm3

hydrostatic weighing

Gold

6200 K, 0.45 GPa

 5.6 g/cm3   

critical point, predicted

liquid, 1337.33 K

17.282 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

19.300 g/cm3 

Hafnium

liquid, 2506.15 K

12.000 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

13.300 g/cm3 

Helium

gas

25 °C, 1 atm

 0.1636 g/L  

273.15 K, 1 atm

 0.1786 g/L  

solid, 2 K, 37 atm

 0.205 g/cm3 

helium-4, liquid

4.21 K

 0.125 g/ml  

1.76 K

 0.152 g/ml  

helium-3, liquid, 3.19 K

 0.055 g/ml  

Holmium

liquid, 1747.15 K

 8.340 g/ml  

solid, 25 °C

 8.800 g/cm3 

References    (Click the button next to a value above to see complete citation information for that entry)

Assael, Marc J., Agni E. Kalyva, Konstantinos D. Antoniadis, R. Michael Banish, Ivan Egry, Jiangtao Wu, Erhard Kaschnitz, and William A. Wakeham. "Reference Data for the Density and Viscosity of Liquid Copper and Liquid Tin." Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, volume 39, number 3, 2010, pp. 033105–1 to 033105–8. doi:10.1063/1.3467496

Assael, Marc J., Konstantinos Kakosimos, R. Michael Banish, Jürgen Brillo, Ivan Egry, Robert Brooks, Peter N. Quested, Kenneth C. Mills, Akira Nagashima, Yuzuru Sato, and William A. Wakeham. "Reference Data for the Density and Viscosity of Liquid Aluminum and Liquid Iron." Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, volume 35, number 1, 2006, pp. 285–300. doi:10.1063/1.2149380

de Podesta, Michael. Understanding the Properties of Matter, 2nd edition. London: Taylor & Francis, 2002.

Enss, Christian, and Siegfried Hunklinger. Low-Temperature Physics. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2005.

Jensen, J. E., R. B. Stewart, W. A Tuttle, H. Brechna, and A. G. Prodell, editors. Brookhaven National Laboratory Selected Cryogenic Data Notebook. BNL 10200-R, Vol. 1, Brookhaven National Laboratory, August 1980.

Kerley, Gerald I., editor. Equations of State for Be, Ni, W, and Au. SAND2003-3784, Sandia National Laboratories, October 2003.

Kittel, Charles. Introduction to Solid State Physics, 8th edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2005.

Lide, David R., editor. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 88th edition. Boca Raton, Florida: Taylor & Francis Group, 2008.

Madelung, Otfried, editor. Semiconductors — Basic Data, 2nd edition. Berlin: Springer–Verlag, 1996.

Pierson, Hugh O. Handbook of Carbon, Graphite, Diamond and Fullerenes. Park Ridge, NJ: Noyes Publications, 1993.

Span, Roland, Eric W. Lemmon, Richard T. Jacobsen, Wolfgang Wagner, and Akimichi Yokozeki. "A Reference Equation of State for the Thermodynamic Properties of Nitrogen for Temperatures from 63.151 to 1000 K and Pressures to 2200 MPa." Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, volume 29, number 6, 2000, pp. 1361–1433.

Straumanis, M. E., and E. Z. Aka. "Lattice Parameters, Coefficients of Thermal Expansion, and Atomic Weights of Purest Silicon and Germanium." Journal of Applied Physics, volume 23, number 3, 1952, pp. 330–334. doi:10.1063/1.1702202

Tegeler, Ch., R. Span, and W. Wagner. "A New Equation of State for Argon Covering the Fluid Region for Temperatures From the Melting Line to 700 K at Pressures up to 1000 MPa." Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, volume 28, number 3, 1999, pp. 779–850.

Vargaftik, N. B., E. B. Gelman, V. F. Kozhevnikov, and S. P. Naursakov. "Equation of State and Critical Point of Cesium." International Journal of Thermophysics, volume 11, number 3, 1990, pp. 467–476. doi:10.1007/BF00500839

Yaws, Carl L. "Liquid Density of the Elements." Chemical Engineering, volume 114, number 12, 2007, pp. 44–46.

Yaws, Carl L. The Yaws Handbook of Physical Properties for Hydrocarbons and Chemicals. Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing Company, 2005.