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Element

Element Abundances in Human Nail

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Carbon

540×103 ppm

Oxygen

255×103 ppm

Nitrogen

150×103 ppm

Sulfur

37×103 ppm

Hydrogen

29×103 ppm

Chlorine

1×103 ppm to 3.6×103 ppm

Silicon

  310 ppm to 3500 ppm   

Calcium

  370 ppm to 3400 ppm   

Sodium

  330 ppm to 3×103 ppm  

Potassium

  360 ppm to 2800 ppm   

Phosphorus

  180 ppm to 990 ppm    

Aluminum

  130 ppm to 930 ppm    

Iron

   27 ppm to 350 ppm    

Zinc

   73 ppm to 300 ppm    

Lead

   14 ppm to 170 ppm    

Magnesium

   16 ppm to 120 ppm    

Boron

33 ppm     

Copper

18 ppm     

Tin

12 ppm     

Bromine

 9 ppm     

Barium

 7.5 ppm   

Cesium

 7 ppm     

Nickel

 0.03 ppm to 12 ppm     

Chromium

 6 ppm     

Selenium

    1 ppm to 8 ppm      

Mercury

 0.07 ppm to 7 ppm      

Rubidium

 3 ppm     

Cadmium

 0.08 ppm to 3.4 ppm    

Arsenic

  0.2 ppm to 3 ppm      

Zirconium

 1.4 ppm   

Bismuth

 1.3 ppm   

Germanium

 1.2 ppm   

Manganese

 0.04 ppm to 2.1 ppm    

Silver

0.003 ppm to 1.4 ppm    

Cerium

 0.6 ppm   

Gold

 0.03 ppm to 0.8 ppm    

Strontium

 0.02 ppm to 0.65 ppm   

Lanthanum

 0.3 ppm   

Titanium

 0.28 ppm  

Cobalt

<0.2 ppm   

Vanadium

<0.15 ppm  

Beryllium

<0.01 ppm  

Thallium

 0.0022 ppm

Element

Abundances by Element Name in Human Nail

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Aluminum

  130 ppm to 930 ppm    

Arsenic

  0.2 ppm to 3 ppm      

Barium

 7.5 ppm   

Beryllium

<0.01 ppm  

Bismuth

 1.3 ppm   

Boron

33 ppm     

Bromine

 9 ppm     

Cadmium

 0.08 ppm to 3.4 ppm    

Calcium

  370 ppm to 3400 ppm   

Carbon

540×103 ppm

Cerium

 0.6 ppm   

Cesium

 7 ppm     

Chlorine

1×103 ppm to 3.6×103 ppm

Chromium

 6 ppm     

Cobalt

<0.2 ppm   

Copper

18 ppm     

Germanium

 1.2 ppm   

Gold

 0.03 ppm to 0.8 ppm    

Hydrogen

29×103 ppm

Iron

   27 ppm to 350 ppm    

Lanthanum

 0.3 ppm   

Lead

   14 ppm to 170 ppm    

Magnesium

   16 ppm to 120 ppm    

Manganese

 0.04 ppm to 2.1 ppm    

Mercury

 0.07 ppm to 7 ppm      

Nickel

 0.03 ppm to 12 ppm     

Nitrogen

150×103 ppm

Oxygen

255×103 ppm

Phosphorus

  180 ppm to 990 ppm    

Potassium

  360 ppm to 2800 ppm   

Rubidium

 3 ppm     

Selenium

    1 ppm to 8 ppm      

Silicon

  310 ppm to 3500 ppm   

Silver

0.003 ppm to 1.4 ppm    

Sodium

  330 ppm to 3×103 ppm  

Strontium

 0.02 ppm to 0.65 ppm   

Sulfur

37×103 ppm

Thallium

 0.0022 ppm

Tin

12 ppm     

Titanium

 0.28 ppm  

Vanadium

<0.15 ppm  

Zinc

   73 ppm to 300 ppm    

Zirconium

 1.4 ppm   

Reference    (Click the button next to a value above to see complete citation information for that entry)

Bowen, H. J. M. Environmental Chemistry of the Elements. London: Academic Press, Inc., 1979.