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Element

Element Abundances in Ferns

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Carbon

450000 ppm     

Oxygen

430×103 ppm

Hydrogen

55×103 ppm

Nitrogen

20×103 ppm

Potassium

18×103 ppm

Chlorine

6×103 ppm

Silicon

  5500 ppm     

Calcium

3.7×103 ppm

Phosphorus

2×103 ppm

Magnesium

1.8×103 ppm

Sodium

  1400 ppm     

Sulfur

  1000 ppm     

Manganese

   700 ppm     

Iron

 320 ppm to 700 ppm 

Aluminum

   230 ppm     

Zinc

  60 ppm to 400 ppm 

Boron

    77 ppm     

Rubidium

  17 ppm to 50 ppm  

Copper

    15 ppm     

Strontium

    13 ppm     

Cerium

   1 ppm to 16 ppm  

Lanthanum

 1.5 ppm to 15 ppm  

Barium

     8 ppm     

Iodine

     5.4 ppm   

Titanium

     5.3 ppm   

Neodymium

 0.3 ppm to 7 ppm   

Zirconium

     2.3 ppm   

Tin

     2.3 ppm   

Lead

     2.3 ppm   

Chromium

     1.9 ppm   

Molybdenum

 0.8 ppm to 2.5 ppm 

Nickel

     1.5 ppm   

Germanium

     1.3 ppm   

Arsenic

     1.3 ppm   

Silver

     0.81 ppm  

Yttrium

     0.77 ppm  

Cobalt

     0.66 ppm  

Samarium

 0.1 ppm to 0.8 ppm 

Thorium

     0.42 ppm  

Dysprosium

0.05 ppm to 0.6 ppm 

Ytterbium

0.04 ppm to 0.6 ppm 

Gadolinium

0.06 ppm to 0.5 ppm 

Cesium

 0.1 ppm to 0.44 ppm

Gallium

     0.23 ppm  

Scandium

     0.13 ppm  

Vanadium

     0.13 ppm  

Cadmium

     0.13 ppm  

Gold

     0.0017 ppm

Element

Abundances by Element Name in Ferns

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Aluminum

   230 ppm     

Arsenic

     1.3 ppm   

Barium

     8 ppm     

Boron

    77 ppm     

Cadmium

     0.13 ppm  

Calcium

3.7×103 ppm

Carbon

450000 ppm     

Cerium

   1 ppm to 16 ppm  

Cesium

 0.1 ppm to 0.44 ppm

Chlorine

6×103 ppm

Chromium

     1.9 ppm   

Cobalt

     0.66 ppm  

Copper

    15 ppm     

Dysprosium

0.05 ppm to 0.6 ppm 

Gadolinium

0.06 ppm to 0.5 ppm 

Gallium

     0.23 ppm  

Germanium

     1.3 ppm   

Gold

     0.0017 ppm

Hydrogen

55×103 ppm

Iodine

     5.4 ppm   

Iron

 320 ppm to 700 ppm 

Lanthanum

 1.5 ppm to 15 ppm  

Lead

     2.3 ppm   

Magnesium

1.8×103 ppm

Manganese

   700 ppm     

Molybdenum

 0.8 ppm to 2.5 ppm 

Neodymium

 0.3 ppm to 7 ppm   

Nickel

     1.5 ppm   

Nitrogen

20×103 ppm

Oxygen

430×103 ppm

Phosphorus

2×103 ppm

Potassium

18×103 ppm

Rubidium

  17 ppm to 50 ppm  

Samarium

 0.1 ppm to 0.8 ppm 

Scandium

     0.13 ppm  

Silicon

  5500 ppm     

Silver

     0.81 ppm  

Sodium

  1400 ppm     

Strontium

    13 ppm     

Sulfur

  1000 ppm     

Thorium

     0.42 ppm  

Tin

     2.3 ppm   

Titanium

     5.3 ppm   

Vanadium

     0.13 ppm  

Ytterbium

0.04 ppm to 0.6 ppm 

Yttrium

     0.77 ppm  

Zinc

  60 ppm to 400 ppm 

Zirconium

     2.3 ppm   

Reference    (Click the button next to a value above to see complete citation information for that entry)

Bowen, H. J. M. Environmental Chemistry of the Elements. London: Academic Press, Inc., 1979.