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Element

Isothermal Bulk Modulus

( at 300 K unless specified )

Click button to see citations

Notes

Actinium

 25 GPa  

estimated

Aluminum

 72.2 GPa

Antimony

 38.3 GPa

Argon

77 K

  1.3 GPa

Arsenic

 39.4 GPa

Barium

 10.3 GPa

Beryllium

100.3 GPa

Bismuth

 31.5 GPa

Boron

178 GPa  

Cadmium

 46.7 GPa

Calcium

 15.2 GPa

Carbon

diamond

545 GPa  

Cerium

γ-cerium

 23.9 GPa

Cesium

  2.0 GPa

Chromium

190.1 GPa

Cobalt

191.4 GPa

Copper

137 GPa  

Dysprosium

 38.4 GPa

Erbium

 41.1 GPa

Europium

 14.7 GPa

Francium

  2.0 GPa

estimated

Gadolinium

 38.3 GPa

Gallium

273 K

 56.9 GPa

Germanium

 77.2 GPa

Gold

173.2 GPa

Hafnium

109 GPa  

Holmium

 39.7 GPa

Hydrogen

4 K

  0.2 GPa

Indium

 41.1 GPa

Iridium

355 GPa  

Iron

168.3 GPa

Krypton

77 K

  1.8 GPa

Lanthanum

 24.3 GPa

Lead

 43.0 GPa

Lithium

 11.6 GPa

Lutetium

 41.1 GPa

Magnesium

 35.4 GPa

Manganese

 59.6 GPa

Mercury

1 K

 38.2 GPa

Molybdenum

272.5 GPa

Neodymium

 32.7 GPa

Neon

4 K

  1.0 GPa

Neptunium

 68 GPa  

estimated

Nickel

186 GPa  

Niobium

170.2 GPa

Nitrogen

81 K

  1.2 GPa

Osmium

418 GPa  

estimated

Palladium

180.8 GPa

Phosphorus

black phosphorus

 30.4 GPa

Platinum

278.3 GPa

Plutonium

 54 GPa  

Polonium

 26 GPa  

estimated

Potassium

  3.2 GPa

Praseodymium

 30.6 GPa

Promethium

 35 GPa  

estimated

Protactinium

 76 GPa  

estimated

Radium

 13.2 GPa

estimated

Rhenium

372 GPa  

Rhodium

270.4 GPa

Rubidium

  3.1 GPa

Ruthenium

320.8 GPa

Samarium

 29.4 GPa

Scandium

 43.5 GPa

Selenium

  9.1 GPa

Silicon

 98.8 GPa

Silver

100.7 GPa

Sodium

  6.8 GPa

Strontium

 11.6 GPa

Sulfur

α-orthorhombic sulfur

 17.8 GPa

Tantalum

200 GPa  

Technetium

297 GPa  

estimated

Tellurium

 23.0 GPa

Terbium

 39.9 GPa

Thallium

 35.9 GPa

Thorium

 54.3 GPa

Thulium

 39.7 GPa

Tin

gray tin

111 GPa  

Titanium

105.1 GPa

Tungsten

323.2 GPa

Uranium

 98.7 GPa

Vanadium

161.9 GPa

Ytterbium

 13.3 GPa

Yttrium

 36.6 GPa

Zinc

 59.8 GPa

Zirconium

 83.3 GPa

References    (Click the button next to a value above to see complete citation information for that entry)

Kittel, Charles. Introduction to Solid State Physics, 8th edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2005.

Kittel, Charles. Introduction to Solid State Physics, 5th edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 1976.