Solutions manuals and the Numerari scientific calculator from KnowledgeDoor Learn more about our solutions manuals Learn more about Numerari

Element

Element Abundances in the Earth's Crust

Click button to see citations

Oxygen

4.61×105 ppm

Silicon

2.82×105 ppm

Aluminum

8.23×104 ppm

Iron

5.63×104 ppm

Calcium

4.15×104 ppm

Sodium

2.36×104 ppm

Magnesium

2.33×104 ppm

Potassium

2.09×104 ppm

Titanium

5.65×103 ppm

Hydrogen

1.40×103 ppm

Phosphorus

1.05×103 ppm

Manganese

9.50×102 ppm

Fluorine

5.85×102 ppm

Barium

4.25×102 ppm

Strontium

3.70×102 ppm

Sulfur

3.50×102 ppm

Carbon

2.00×102 ppm

Zirconium

1.65×102 ppm

Chlorine

1.45×102 ppm

Vanadium

1.20×102 ppm

Chromium

1.02×102 ppm

Rubidium

9.0×101 ppm

Nickel

8.4×101 ppm

Zinc

7.0×101 ppm

Cerium

6.65×101 ppm

Copper

6.0×101 ppm

Neodymium

4.15×101 ppm

Lanthanum

3.9×101 ppm

Yttrium

3.3×101 ppm

Cobalt

2.5×101 ppm

Scandium

2.2×101 ppm

Lithium

2.0×101 ppm

Niobium

2.0×101 ppm

Nitrogen

1.9×101 ppm

Gallium

1.9×101 ppm

Lead

1.4×101 ppm

Boron

1.0×101 ppm

Thorium

9.6 ppm 

Praseodymium

9.2 ppm 

Samarium

7.05 ppm

Gadolinium

6.2 ppm 

Dysprosium

5.2 ppm 

Argon

3.5 ppm 

Erbium

3.5 ppm 

Ytterbium

3.2 ppm 

Cesium

3 ppm   

Hafnium

3.0 ppm 

Beryllium

2.8 ppm 

Uranium

2.7 ppm 

Bromine

2.4 ppm 

Tin

2.3 ppm 

Europium

2.0 ppm 

Tantalum

2.0 ppm 

Arsenic

1.8 ppm 

Germanium

1.5 ppm 

Holmium

1.3 ppm 

Tungsten

1.25 ppm

Molybdenum

1.2 ppm 

Terbium

1.2 ppm 

Thallium

8.5×10-1 ppm

Lutetium

8×10-1 ppm

Thulium

5.2×10-1 ppm

Iodine

4.5×10-1 ppm

Indium

2.5×10-1 ppm

Antimony

2×10-1 ppm

Cadmium

1.5×10-1 ppm

Mercury

8.5×10-2 ppm

Silver

7.5×10-2 ppm

Selenium

5×10-2 ppm

Palladium

1.5×10-2 ppm

Bismuth

8.5×10-3 ppm

Helium

8×10-3 ppm

Neon

5×10-3 ppm

Platinum

5×10-3 ppm

Gold

4×10-3 ppm

Osmium

1.5×10-3 ppm

Ruthenium

1×10-3 ppm

Rhodium

1×10-3 ppm

Tellurium

1×10-3 ppm

Iridium

1×10-3 ppm

Rhenium

7×10-4 ppm

Krypton

1×10-4 ppm

Xenon

3×10-5 ppm

Protactinium

1.4×10-6 ppm

Radium

9×10-7 ppm

Actinium

5.5×10-10 ppm

Polonium

2×10-10 ppm

Radon

4×10-13 ppm

Element

Abundances by Element Name in the Earth's Crust

Click button to see citations

Actinium

5.5×10-10 ppm

Aluminum

8.23×104 ppm

Antimony

2×10-1 ppm

Argon

3.5 ppm 

Arsenic

1.8 ppm 

Barium

4.25×102 ppm

Beryllium

2.8 ppm 

Bismuth

8.5×10-3 ppm

Boron

1.0×101 ppm

Bromine

2.4 ppm 

Cadmium

1.5×10-1 ppm

Calcium

4.15×104 ppm

Carbon

2.00×102 ppm

Cerium

6.65×101 ppm

Cesium

3 ppm   

Chlorine

1.45×102 ppm

Chromium

1.02×102 ppm

Cobalt

2.5×101 ppm

Copper

6.0×101 ppm

Dysprosium

5.2 ppm 

Erbium

3.5 ppm 

Europium

2.0 ppm 

Fluorine

5.85×102 ppm

Gadolinium

6.2 ppm 

Gallium

1.9×101 ppm

Germanium

1.5 ppm 

Gold

4×10-3 ppm

Hafnium

3.0 ppm 

Helium

8×10-3 ppm

Holmium

1.3 ppm 

Hydrogen

1.40×103 ppm

Indium

2.5×10-1 ppm

Iodine

4.5×10-1 ppm

Iridium

1×10-3 ppm

Iron

5.63×104 ppm

Krypton

1×10-4 ppm

Lanthanum

3.9×101 ppm

Lead

1.4×101 ppm

Lithium

2.0×101 ppm

Lutetium

8×10-1 ppm

Magnesium

2.33×104 ppm

Manganese

9.50×102 ppm

Mercury

8.5×10-2 ppm

Molybdenum

1.2 ppm 

Neodymium

4.15×101 ppm

Neon

5×10-3 ppm

Nickel

8.4×101 ppm

Niobium

2.0×101 ppm

Nitrogen

1.9×101 ppm

Osmium

1.5×10-3 ppm

Oxygen

4.61×105 ppm

Palladium

1.5×10-2 ppm

Phosphorus

1.05×103 ppm

Platinum

5×10-3 ppm

Polonium

2×10-10 ppm

Potassium

2.09×104 ppm

Praseodymium

9.2 ppm 

Protactinium

1.4×10-6 ppm

Radium

9×10-7 ppm

Radon

4×10-13 ppm

Rhenium

7×10-4 ppm

Rhodium

1×10-3 ppm

Rubidium

9.0×101 ppm

Ruthenium

1×10-3 ppm

Samarium

7.05 ppm

Scandium

2.2×101 ppm

Selenium

5×10-2 ppm

Silicon

2.82×105 ppm

Silver

7.5×10-2 ppm

Sodium

2.36×104 ppm

Strontium

3.70×102 ppm

Sulfur

3.50×102 ppm

Tantalum

2.0 ppm 

Tellurium

1×10-3 ppm

Terbium

1.2 ppm 

Thallium

8.5×10-1 ppm

Thorium

9.6 ppm 

Thulium

5.2×10-1 ppm

Tin

2.3 ppm 

Titanium

5.65×103 ppm

Tungsten

1.25 ppm

Uranium

2.7 ppm 

Vanadium

1.20×102 ppm

Xenon

3×10-5 ppm

Ytterbium

3.2 ppm 

Yttrium

3.3×101 ppm

Zinc

7.0×101 ppm

Zirconium

1.65×102 ppm

References    (Click the button next to a value above to see complete citation information for that entry)

Greenwood, N. N., and A. Earnshaw. Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1997.

Lide, David R., editor. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 88th edition. Boca Raton, Florida: Taylor & Francis Group, 2008.